There are more than 2000 members of the Permanent Air Force and 400 Air Force Reserve members based in South Australia. The vast majority of these personnel are located at RAAF Base Edinburgh, one of the major Defence bases in Australia.
The RAAF Air Warfare Centre (AWC), comprising of information warfare, test and evaluation elements and the Woomera Test Range, as well as various Air Force supporting elements are based at RAAF Edinburgh.
The RAAF is establishing the Distributed Ground Station–Australia (Interim) in Adelaide, which will be Air Force’s centralised intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR) processing, exploitation and dissemination system. No 1 Remote Sensor Unit (1RSU), the very first space operations unit for the Australian Defence Force is also based in South Australia.
Another key RAAF site in South Australia is the Woomera Range Complex, which is used extensively for air, ground and space testing. The range contains both the RAAF Woomera Test Range and RAAF Base Woomera, which is home to a small contingent of Air Force personnel. The Woomera Test Range is considered the largest land-based test and evaluation facility in the world.